Reconciliation Week



It is the Reconciliation Week from May 27 to June 2, 2019. In 2008, the previous Prime Minister of Kelvin Rudd apologized to Australian Indigenous peoples.

I made this interview to get some opinions about the event from TAFE students and staff on May 29.


These are the 3 questions that I interviewed the TAFE students and staff.

  1. Do you know what the Reconciliation Week is?
  2. Have you heard some stories about the “Stolen Generations”?
  3. What do you think about the history of “Stolen Generations”?
  4. Have you done something to recognize the Reconciliation?


Some people know little about the event, but some know it.

People who are familiar with the history of this event, felt shameful about it. And they call for more people to recognize the Reconciliation.


Video Story About Antique Store Towers In Newtown



Mehmet and I went to Newtown for this video story about antiques. We made this interview with Sommy, who is the store owner. The store was located in the centre of Newtown, at 539 King St. The antique store was there for more than 20 years. Sommy was the new owner, who newly moved to this store just in three days. Sommy was very pleased to cooperate with us to make this video. He was so generous that he showed his most expensive antiques. He introducted the background and value of these antiques. In his words, he considered the value of antiques as the reputation of the producer and the quality.


During the interview, Mehmet was interviewing Sommy, and I was photographing and recording when they were talking.

These are 6 topics that we talked about.

  1. What’s the most expensive item in your store?
  2. Where are the antique items from?
  3. What are the background of the items?
  4. What do you think about this job in antiques? Why are you doing this?
  5. What type of the customers coming to the store?
  6. How do you determine the value of the antiques?


He was a good interviewee. While the music lasted throughout the interview. If the music was not there, the video would have been better.

To make it better, if I make this interview again next time. I will choose a better environment which place is quiet, without background music. Also I will make the questions better to make the video more interesting. We will talk about the most interesting topic “the most expensive item” in more details. We will talk more and deeper about the background to found out the value of the item.

Petrol Price Rising Recently Above $1.67 Per Litre

Price rising

Oil price has already risen a lot recently, reaching $1.67 per litre and will keep rising in the future while the highest national average over the past six months was 150.0 cents a litre. There are many different reasons, such as the global oil prices rising sharply.


Shell Coles Express raised its unleaded prices by a whopping 30 cents overnight on May 8.

New South Wales and Queensland motorists found that leaving fuel at 167.9 cents a litre – 30 cents more than then the price of unleaded fuel May 8.

Meanwhile, prices in Adelaide hit 165 cents that week, in Melbourne the average price was 158.3 cents, while Sydney – which is in the cheaper part of its price cycle – had an average price of 139.2 cents a litre for unleaded on May 9.

Oil price in Perth and Hobart were going more than 150 cents a litre, while Darwin – which in the past four months has become the nation’s cheapest capital city for petrol – was at 144.9 cents a litre for unleaded.

General manager of price monitoring service fuelTRAC, Geoff Trotter said, ‘It’s a new era all right. We’ve never seen prices go so high so quickly and with record margins.’

NRMA spokesman Peter Khoury said it was a common practice in the fuel industry for prices to rise at the end of a fuel cycle. And the oil price is trending upwards. Fuel cycles are different depending on which part of the country you are in.

According to the NRMA, it was 142.0 cents a litre May 3 in Melbourne. It’s at 156.9 cents a litre in Melbourne on May 9. The average regular unleaded price in Sydney for the current cycle should range between 138 cents per litre and 156 cents per litre.

Petrol prices hit $1.445 a litre in the week leading up to the Easter holidays, rising more than 3.5 cents in just a seven-day period to a 22-week high.

However, Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane saw pump prices lift by 7 cents to 21 cents a litre in the week before the Easter holidays, according to Commsec analysis.

According to the Australian Institute of Petroleum (AIP), a couple of months ago, unleaded fuel in the capital cities was an average $1.20 a litre.

In a statement, Viva Energy said: “Retail fuel prices in Australia are reflective of market forces that have recently included a sharp increase in oil prices.”


As the rapid rising in oil price, more and more people have different options for transportation. At the same time, Electric cars are very popular throughout the world. In some countries, the government regarded Electric cars as big issue, even setting international organisations and funds for development.


Reason and Influence

 US-Iran: supplies decline

Washington also said it would place sanctions on any country that continues to buy Iranian oil after May 2.

U.S. decided to send warships to the Middle East is an ominous sign of a potential escalation in conflict with Iran. U.S. national security adviser John Bolton said that the U.S. was sending a carrier strike group and a bomber task force to the Middle East to send a message to Iran that any attack on U.S. interests would be met with “unrelenting force.”

U.S. officials had expressed confidence that those who have been operating under waivers to buy Iranian oil will be able to find alternative supplies when those waivers expire soon.

U.S. is aiming to cut Iranian oil exports to zero. According to Bank of America Merrill Lynch, after sanctions waivers expired, Iran’s exports and volumes would fall below 500k barrels per day in 2019 and could even reach zero.

At the end of the first week in May, U.S. oil benchmark lost nearly 3 percent.

 OPEC: supplies decline

OPEC-Russian production cuts and supply disruptions in Libya, Sudan and Venezuela, have seen crude oil prices lift for six consecutive weeks to be up 40 percent.

 China-US: demand decline in Asia

Oil prices fell sharply on May 7 as the China-US trade war continues, sparking fears that global growth will be disappointing.


What should we do

 The ACCC suggests that if we understood petrol price cycles better we could pinpoint the best times to buy. These cycles can vary hugely between capital cities and regional areas.

In Sydney, there was 26 days in its recent price cycle, which had lately been shrinking in duration.

Brisbane’s regular cycle was 30 days (which had also recently shortened) while Melbourne was way (quite suddenly) up at 43 days.

Max, one of the customers, said, “It is so helpful for customers to use the Apps to find the best place when we want to get oil. Anyway, we’d better buy enough oil before we start.”

There are several apps that we can use to find an appropriate spot. For example, Motor Mouth is a price monitoring app that receives data from both drivers and the industry. And people can also use a free app Petrol Spy Australia, where users report what petrol stations are charging.



  3. The Courier Mail


Continue reading “Petrol Price Rising Recently Above $1.67 Per Litre”

Ghost Tunnels of Central Station

Have you ever heard the Central station’s mysterious underground world?

high st brooklyn bridge signage mounted on blue steel post
Photo by on

Most of commuters can go through platform 1-25. But sitting between underground platforms and the Central station concourse, there are the mysterious disused platforms 26 and 27. The platforms were built in the 1970s on the site of the old Devonshire Street Cemetery.

The platforms are never used and not accessible to the general public, holding a rich history and some creepy tales.

person standing on train tracks
Photo by Colin Schmitt on

In the unbelievable platforms, there are abandoned bathrooms and offices of an era past and, it is said that someone can hear the ghostly sounds of children playing.

“This is the area that is supposed to be haunted.” Tony Eid, director of operations with Sydney Trains said. “On one occasion I was down here with a radio crew and we all heard children playing.”

In 1916, a battle took place at this station, a bullet hole in the marble near platform remaining.

Gunfire took place between the rebelling soldiers and military police. Soldiers rebelling against camp conditions had raided hotels in Liverpool and travelled to the city by train. After that they destroyed the facilities at Central. Finally, one of the rebelling soldiers was killed and several others were injured.

empty train rail with light
Photo by Kaique Rocha on

8 Amazing Noodles Around Ultimo

  1. Osan Ramen: 401 Sussex St, Haymarket, Sydney

It’s one of the hottest spots in Chinatown. It is famous for its miso-base broth. All ramen are made in house that people can watch it. There are 3 types of soup to choose from- fish soup, pork broth, chicken soup.Customers can have a meal at $10.


  1. Gumshara: Eating World Food Court, 25-29 Dixon St, Haymarket, Sydney

The boss of Gumshara is Mori Higashida, a Japanese expat who made authentic ramen noodles in Sydney. Most folks stopped by for the signature dish, tonkotsu ramen. The stock for the dish is made by simmering 120 kilograms of pork bones. The soup is made in a very traditional way and very special. The soup of ramen is very special. People can ask to be made of light soup and thick soup.



  1. Meng Chongqing Gourmet: 9/13 Hay St, Haymarket, Sydney

The boss is a very famous Chinese prime time television host. It is Chinese flavour noodles.  A lot of customers come for his reputation.


  1. The Fifth District of Pipe Mill: shop 1/33 Ultimo Rd, Haymarket, Sydney

Very Chinese flavour noodles. If you are interested in Sichuan food, it is a really good choice. And there is some very special food, like ’Naohua’ in this store! If you are interested in it, you can have a try.


  1. Mikirin: Upper Ground, World Square, shop 12/123 Liverpool St, Sydney

It is a really popular noodle bar in World Square. The boss are two sisters graduating from Le cordon bleu and coming from Shanghai, China. They develops Shanghai noodles. The most typical noodle is yellow croaker fish fillets wonton noodle soup – crispy fillets with delicious broth. There are so many nice food I loved in this spot.



  1. Hakata-Maru Ramen: Level 3, Market City, 9-13 Hay Street, Sydney

Hakata-maru ramen offers ramen in three flavors: white (tetrose), red (miso) and black (black garlic oil), usually no more than $10 a bowl. The soup base making in hours, has the aroma of milk and pork meat. It is so delicious, serving with barbecued pork, fine flour and soft boiled eggs, dousing with garlic oil and a handful of sesame seeds.


  1. Ippudo: Lower Ground; Central at Central Park, 28 Broadway, Chippendale

Founded by internationally renowned Shigemi Kawahara, Ippudo has topped the list of most popular ramen shops over the years. His noodles include vegetarian ramen with vegetable broth, and there are 11 ramen options. But what’s the most distinctive is Akamaru/Shiromaru Special with red/white meatball: a rich and mild broth of pork bones combined with a traditional bodo style of extra-fine noodles. Ramen tastes so nice serving with a special pork belly, half-cooked eggs, dried bamboo shoots, scallions and skirt vegetables.


  1. Yasaka Ramen: 126 Liverpool Street, Sydney

Yasaka, whose motto is “no ramen, no life”, offers seven different types of ramen, such as grilled Char siu, spicy scallions, kakuni and so on, There are three different flavours for customers to choose from: soya sauce, salt and miso. The noodles are made fresh every day.



Jiuqu Hongmei -Longjing Black Tea From West Lake, Hangzhou

Jiuqu Hongmei comes from West Lake district in Hangzhou, China. Longjing is one of the best green tea in China, while the black tea is made from the same bushes.


The dry leaves of Jiuqu Hongmei are tightly twisted into thin, brittle curls, matte black, with a hint of the distinctive citric smell of the plum. The acidity and sweetness are balanced with a unique but slight astringency. The liquor carries forth that aroma with the added depth of a black tea.

In 1915, Jiuqu Hongmei was awarded prize in the San Francisco Panama-Pacific International Exposition.






It is a romantic name. Jiuqu Hongmei means Plum from the Nine Bends.


It is said that some tea producers from the province of Fujian, in particular from the Wuyi area, took refuge in the new kingdom and in its new ideology, to have moved to a rural area 200 km south of Hangzhou, the then “Heavenly Capital”. They made the tea with their own tea skills. They named it after the place that they came from- Jiu Qu River in Wuyi.

Hot Polar Bear at A Utah Zoo

High temperatures spread in Salt Lake City, USA, ranging from 11 to 25 oC during the first week of May.


Utah’s Hogle Zoo in Salt Lake City posted a clip of their polar bear on May 6. The bear, Nora, took a break from eating fish and entertaining visitors to roll around in a pile of ice cubes in the video posted to social media. She was enjoying the ice in the adorable video. The zoo said Nora was recovering from surgery to repair a broken bone.


Nora was staying in a limited space during playtime instead of her usual habitat to keep herself re-injuring.


The zoo said Polar bears sometimes overheated to stay so warm, and had to cool off in the cold Arctic waters.


Zoo website: